Instalasi dan Penggunaan Fping pada Distro Linux Ubuntu dan openSUSE

Fping adalah sebuah aplikasi yang berfungsi untuk mengirimkan paket-paket Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request. ICMP digunakan oleh sistem operasi komputer jaringan untuk mengirim pesan error/kesalahan, misalnya komputer tujuan tidak bisa dijangkau.

Fping memang hampir sama dengan ping, namun memiliki perbedaan yaitu fping mempunyai kemampuan mengirimkan paket ICMP ke sejumlah host tertentu secara paralel atau menggunakan sebuah file yang berisi daftar ip address/host/target yang akan di ping.

Instalasi

Instalasi aplikasi fping pada distro linux Ubuntu dan turunannya dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan perintah:

# apt-get install fping

Sedangkan pada distro linux openSUSE dapat dilakukan dengan perintah:

# zypper install fping

Fping untuk target dengan menggunakan range ip address

Penggunaan fping untuk target dengan menggunakan range ip address dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan pola:

fping [options] [range_target]

Contoh:

wdzgouch@server1:~$ fping -g 172.16.7.100 172.16.7.110
172.16.7.102 is alive
172.16.7.107 is alive
172.16.7.108 is alive
172.16.7.109 is alive
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.100
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.100
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.100
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.101
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.101
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.101
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.103
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.103
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.103
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.104
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.104
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.104
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.105
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.105
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.105
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.106
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.106
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.106
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.110
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.110
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.103
172.16.7.100 is unreachable
172.16.7.101 is unreachable
172.16.7.103 is unreachable
172.16.7.104 is unreachable
172.16.7.105 is unreachable
172.16.7.106 is unreachable
172.16.7.110 is unreachable

Contoh lainnya:

wdzgouch@server1:~$ fping -g -s 172.16.7.100 172.16.7.110
172.16.7.102 is alive
172.16.7.107 is alive
172.16.7.108 is alive
172.16.7.109 is alive
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.100
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.100
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.100
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.101
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.101
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.101
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.103
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.103
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.103
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.104
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.104
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.104
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.105
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.105
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.105
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.106
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.106
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.106
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.110
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.110
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.103
172.16.7.100 is unreachable
172.16.7.101 is unreachable
172.16.7.103 is unreachable
172.16.7.104 is unreachable
172.16.7.105 is unreachable
172.16.7.106 is unreachable
172.16.7.110 is unreachable
 
 11 targets
 4 alive
 7 unreachable
 0 unknown addresses
 
 28 timeouts (waiting for response)
 32 ICMP Echos sent
 4 ICMP Echo Replies received
 21 other ICMP received
 
 0.03 ms (min round trip time)
 2.45 ms (avg round trip time)
 4.67 ms (max round trip time)
 8.625 sec (elapsed real time)

Fping untuk file yang berisi daftar target tertentu

Penggunaan fping untuk file yang berisi daftar target tertentu atau daftar ip address yang telah ditentukan sebelumnya, dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan perintah:

fping < [/lokasi/file/target] [options]

atau

fping < [options] [/lokasi/file/target]

Contohnya terdapat sebuah file fping-test.txt yang berada pada direktori /home/wdzgouch/ yang berisi daftar ip address yang akan di ping, yaitu:

172.16.7.102
172.16.7.104
172.16.7.106
172.16.7.107
172.16.7.108
172.16.7.110
wdzgouch@server1:~$ fping < /home/wdzgouch/fping-test.txt -u -s
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.104
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.104
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.104
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.106
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.106
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.106
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.110
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.110
ICMP Host Unreachable from 172.16.7.108 for ICMP Echo sent to 172.16.7.110
172.16.7.104
172.16.7.106
172.16.7.110
 
       6 targets
       3 alive
       3 unreachable
 
       0 unknown addresses
      12 timeouts (waiting for response)
      15 ICMP Echos sent
       3 ICMP Echo Replies received
       9 other ICMP received
 
 0.03 ms (min round trip time)
 1.86 ms (avg round trip time)
 3.45 ms (max round trip time)
        5.967 sec (elapsed real time)

Penggunaan lebih lanjut mengenai fping dan berbagai opsinya dapat dilihat melalui manual yang tersedia, gunakan perintah:

man fping
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